Vermicompost is the final product from utilizing various species of worms, usually red wrigglers (Eisenia foetida or Eisenia andrei), white worms, and earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposed vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast, also known as worm castings, worm humus or worm manure, is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter. Containing water-soluble nutrients, vermicompost is an excellent nutrient-rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner.
Worm tea is the liquid that drains or "leaches" from the worm bedding and castings. The end result is a plant and soil enhancer that can be used as a supplement to a
complete fertilization program for application on flowers, trees, shrubs, turf, fruits, and vegetables. It can be sprayed directly on plants or applied to the surrounding soil.
Worm tea is a natural white fly, aphid, and spider mite repellant.
A worm bin is surpisingly simple to make. Fine Gardening has a video by Jodie Colon of the New York Botanical Garden demonstrating how to turn your kitchen scraps into vermicompost. Give your worms a dark, cozy home with plenty of food, moisture, oxygen, and a comfortable temperature and you'll be rewarded with piles of vermicompost.
Vermiculture vs Composting:
Benefits of Vermicomposting: